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Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez
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Hungarian    The tarsoly cover plate of Bana    English
Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez

Leather tarsoly

 

 



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More rich burials were destroyed during the works in a gravel pit.
The tarsoly cover plate of Bana
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

Provenance:
Komárom-Esztergom county, westernmost part of the Ördögásta hill, Northwest of Bana

Discovery of the finding:
In March, 1956 a rich conquest period grave was discovered by György Savanyú and László Dömötör during work in a gravel pit. Most probably, more rich burials were destroyed during the works.

Material:
Silver foreplate, copper backplate

Size:
117x115 mm.

Preparation method:
Leafs are formed by incised lines. The area left void by the palmettes is stippled. Size and way of drawing is not of equal quality on the whole surface, they show certain differences. The looped tendril pattern is enclosed within a ribbon border on either side with a surface decorated with strong punched dots. Some of these dots perforate the plate and they served to fix the rivets that kept together the foreplate and the backplate.

 

Detail of the tarsoly cover plate of Bana
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996
   
Drawing of the tarsoly cover plate of Bana
Csaba Nyers: Introduction to Corn Kitchen

Artwork:
The plate is decorated by a design of looped tendrils enclosing palmettes. The looped tendrils are flanked by incised lines on each side. The lozenge-shaped loops enclose cinquefoil palmettes. The short stem of the palmettes have two or three veins that end in a punched dot. The two outer leafs of the palmette follow the shape of the loop and the three inner leafs are twined together. The middle leaf of the latter has two vertical veins in it.

Usage:
The surface of the plate is heavily worn, making us think it was used for a long period. Along a band all down the middle of the plate we see a part that is especially worn with a chipped-edge hole halfway, suggesting that this tarsoly had a different way of closing than others. Here, the closing strap was lead outside the ornamented silver plate, and it was threaded through the angled strap retainer, positioned at the centre of the plate. This way of closing was general with mount-ornamented tarsoly-s. The user of this tarsoly probably had the ornamented silver plate fixed over his –once- mount-ornamented tarsoly lid, replacing the mounts with the cover plate. Later he may have had a hole cut for the closing strap in the middle of the plate. The form of this hole originally was rectangular as it still can be seen on the copper backplate.

Inventory number:
Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Budapest - 59.3.1/1.A.

Literature:
Bartha 1968, picture No. 8; Kiss-Bartha 1970,22-223. XXIII, XXVI/1.t; László 1970, picture No.170; Dienes 1970, picture No. 38, 43.; 1972, picture No. 60,5.

Detail of a former map
The provenance of the tarsoly finding can be found on this map detail of Komárom county from 1912.
Source: Map-collection of the National Széchényi Library of Budapest

 

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