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Hungarian  The tarsoly cover plate of Rakamaz  English
Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez

Leather tarsoly




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People participating in the works, and others who gathered there after learning about the finds simply pocketed most part of the goods found in the graves.
The tarsoly cover plate of Rakamaz
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

Rakamaz-Strázsadomb, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county.

Discovery of the finding:
On 23, April, 1974 during earth levelling, skeletons, a sword, arrowheads and horse bones were found. From the workers’ accounts it became clear, that various gold and silver articles, a sabre, stirrups, bits and lockrings had been found in the graves. These had been pocketed by the workers and by others who had learned of the finds. Later, Péter Németh, together with two reporters of Radio Nyíregyháza, gathered back together as much of the grave goods as possible. Nonetheless, most probably, a great deal of the grave goods have been irrevocably lost. The tarsoly plates were surrendered by two residents of Rakamaz.

Silver gilt, silver, bronze, iron.

143x127 mm, buckle: 17,5x17,5 mm, strap end: 27,5x11,5 mm.

Preparation method:

The main design was beaten from inside in repoussé, while the background was hammered down. The highly skilled craftsman used punches and chisels for chasing the finer details of the design onto the plate. The leaves were picked out with a hatched band. The swirling mass of tendrils is similarly highlighted with fine hatching. The sunken background is lavishly gilded. A silver gilt framing band, itself taking the form of a palmette tendril and bearing a palmette ornament, was riveted onto the plate. The bronze backplate was held to the foreplate and the leather tarsoly lid with eighteen rivets.


Detail of the tarsoly cover plate of Rakamaz
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996
Drawing of the tarsoly cover plate of Rakamaz
Csaba Nyers: Introduction to Corn Kitchen

The plate is decorated with an elaborate foliate design. The tendrils form two round fields at the base, and a heart-shaped field above it. There are two semi-palmettes on top while the triangular fields below them enclose a trefoil palmette and a semi-palmette. A small leaf unfurls in the diamond-shaped field framed with tendrils in the centre of the plate. The meaning of the design can be easily deciphered. The palmettes symbolized the Tree of Life or World Tree whose crown reached to the sky. A curved iron band which, judging by analogous specimen from Tuzsér, had been used to reinforce the border of the tarsoly, probably belonged to this set. A small lyre-shaped silver buckle probably served to attach the closing strap. The silver gilt small strap end with three rivets on its reverse was probably mounted onto this strap.


Inventory number:
Jósa Adrás Múzeum, Nyíregyháza - no inventory number.

Dienes 1975, picture No.15; 1976, Fig. 15.; 1986, 96.; Fodor 1985b, 31-32.

Detail of a former map
The provenance of the tarsoly finding can be found on this map detail of Szabolcs county from 1913.
Source: Map-collection of the National Széchényi Library of Budapest