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Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez
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HungarianThe tarsoly cover plate of TiszabezdédEnglish
Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez

Leather tarsoly

 

 

 

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Since then, horse stables were built over the cemetery.
The tarsoly cover plate of Tiszabezdéd
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

Provenance:
Harangláb Hill, Tiszabezdéd, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county. The leather tarsoly was found in the richest burial of the Bezdéd cemetery, laying under the left arm of the deceased.

Discovery of the finding:
The tarsoly plate was found in 1896. 8-10 years before, during the course of earthmoving work, the grave of a warrior buried together with his horse was found there. László Vidovics and Endre Tompos uncovered further 17 graves in 1896. The skeletal material from the cemetery has still not been analyzed by an anthropologist.

Material:
Gilded copper plate.

Size:
136x156 mm, much wider shaped than other finds.

Preparation method:
A goldsmith’s masterpiece probably of Etelköz, maybe the earliest one found so far. First the main contours of the design were engraved on the plate with a graver. Then the finer details were added to the design, such as the veins of the leaves and the smaller details of the animal bodies, the rim and the cross in the middle, with the same tool. The background to the main design is covered with small punched circles. The elements of the main design are slightly raised.

 

Detail of the tarsoly cover plate of Tiszabezdéd
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996
Detail of the tarsoly cover plate of Tiszabezdéd
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

 

Leather  backplate of the tarsoly cover plate of Tiszabezdéd
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996
Drawing of the tarsoly cover plate of Tiszabezdéd
József Huszka: History of the Magyar Turanian Ornamentation

Artwork:
The gilt copper plate was riveted to the leather tarsoly lid, together with a section of the thin closing strap, by tiny rivets. A rectangular silver mount ornamented with niello inlay and a nielloed silver strap end was mounted on to the end of the closing strap. A series of round-headed rivets along the edge reinforced the reverse of the leather tarsoly. The design of the tarsoly plate is unique in the art of the Return Home age. The palmette at the base unfurls into two tendrils that meet in a seven-eafed palmette on top. A Greek cross is placed in the middle of the plate. A dog-headed, winged unicorn on the upper right side and a dog- or wolf-headed creature with a peacock tail and two clawed paws (maybe a dragon and a rhinoceros or maybe a griffin) on the upper left side ornaments the plate. The ribbon border is filled with trefoil palmettes. The shape of the tarsoly plate is reminescent of the one of the iron plate of Túrkeve.

Usage:
The leather lid to which the plate had been attached, has also survived in a relatively good state of preservation.

Inventory number:

Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Budapest - 86/1896.236a.

Literature:
Jósa 1896, 398-400,; Hampel 1900, 599-603.; 1904, 110-111.; 1905, II,518. III. Taf. 360-361.; Fettich 1931, 52-57.; 1935, 12-13. picture No. 3-4.; 1937, 54. XLIX-L.t.; 1942, 12-33. Taf. 10.; Erdélyi 1961, 95-98.; Szabó 1961 29-33.; László 1970, XIII, picture No.166-168.; Nagy 1971, 124, 127.; 1971a, 48-49.; Dienes 1972, 60-61. 10-11. t..; 1975, 104-105.; 1976. 110-111.; Fodor 1979, 68-69.

Detail of a former map
The provenance of the tarsoly finding can be found on this map detail of Szabolcs county from 1913.
Source: Map-collection of the National Széchényi Library of Budapest

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