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Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez
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Hungarian  The tarsoly mounts of Újfehértó  English
Hozzáadhatod e lapot a kedvencekhez

Leather tarsoly




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Five graves were disturbed, The sabre and the sword bent in half, the finds were put in a parcel to be sent by post.
The tarsoly mounts of Újfehértó
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

A natural elevation rising above plain in an area called Tálas-dûlõ, Újfehértó-Micskepuszta, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county.

Discovery of the finding:
In March of 1912, Sándor Nánásy had the area deep ploughed. Five graves from the Return home period were destroyed in the process. Nánásy sent the finds from these graves to András Jósa of Nyíregyháza by post. In order to make their packaging easier he bent the Return home age sabre and a sword of uncertain age in half. Later Jósa conducted excavations there and uncovered further sixteen graves. The mounts were found attached to a strap. Jósa then thought they must have been decorating the edge of a caftan sleeve.


Central mount: 38x27 mm, upper mounts of closing strap: 13x12 mm and 14x10 mm, mounts above strap end: 13x10 mm, strap end:?, lid corners: 20x20 mm.

Preparation method:
Three bronze mounts adorned the upper section of the closing strap, Two have hatched borders.


Detail of the tarsoly mounts of Újfehértó
Photo: József Hapák, data: Ancient Hungarians, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum 1996

Diamond-shaped closing mount with a rectangular opening in the centre through which the leather strap was threaded. The opening is framed by four symmetrically disposed palmette motifs. There is a rivet in each corner of the reverse. Two of the three bronze mounts adorning the upper section of the closing strap have hatched borders and are ornamented with geometric, dot terminalled designs, the third one also has a hatched border enclosing a geometric design of three lines combined with dots. The three bronze mounts at the upper section of the closing strap decorated with a double plaited ribbon design echoe the ornamentation of the tarsoly mounts of Bodrogszerdahely. The strap end is ornamented with a palmette design. There are two rivets at the reverse. Each corner of the tarsoly lid was decorated with diamond-shaped bronze mounts, each with a foliate design. A parallel to these mounts, are those found in Tiszavasvári and Karos.

According to contemporary written notes, this was the burial of one of the most high-ranking men. Only three of the eight mounts from the lower section of the closing strap remained. Similar, mount ornamented tarsoly-s were found at Kiev, Smolensk, Chernigov, and the region around the lake Lagoda. It is most probable that the custom of wearing mount-ornamented tarsoly-s was diffused by the ancient Magyar-s of Etelköz to nearby regions.

Inventory number:
Jósa András Múzeum, Nyíregyháza - central mount: V.170. (old number); upper mounts of closing strap: V. 774-776.; mounts above strap end: V. 777-784.; strap end: V. 785.; corner mounts of lid: V. 771-773.

Jósa 1914a, 206.; 1978, 225.; Dienes 1964.; 1973.; Fodor 1977c, 87-101. Taf. XIX-XV.; 1981, 85, 87-88.; 1994, 52-53.; 1995a, 135, 139-140.; Révész 1990.

Detail of a former map
The provenance of the tarsoly finding can be found on this map detail of Szabolcs county from 1913.
Source: Map-collection of the National Széchényi Library of Budapest